Category: Yoga Glossary

ajna chakra

The word ajnā (आज्ञा) means ‘command’. Ajnā chakra is one of the seven energy centers. Anatomically it is the nervous plexus located behind the forehead, behind the eyebrow center and at the top of the...

ajapa japa अजपा जप

Ajapa: Mantra or formula called hamsa. Japa: Muttering prayer, repetition. Ajapa japa ist spontaneous repetition of ‘”Soham” mantra with the awareness of the flowing breath. It is a very old and important meditation practice...

ahamkāra / ahamkara अहंकार

Aham: Ego Ahamkāra: Ego, pride, egoism, conception of one’s self-identity. The definition of ahamkāra is sometimes misused in common language. Ahamkāra means ego and in yoga psychology, ego has a different meaning compared to...

abhaya अभय

Freedom from fear, fearlessness Abhaya mudra is a gesture symbolising the dispelling of fear, renunciation, protection and peace. To make this gesture you bend your arm and elevate your right hand to shoulder height,...

abhyantara अभ्यन्तर

Ābhyantara means: internal, internally inner space inside / within And the meaning of bāhya is “external, outside”. “Bāhya ābhyantara stambha vṛttiḥ deśa kāla saṁkhyābhiḥ paridṛṣṭaḥ dīrgha sūkṣmaḥ.” (Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, II.50) means that...

buddhi बुद्धि

intelligence, intellect, perception, knowledge, knowing cittāntara dṛśye buddhi-buddheḥ atiprasaṅgaḥ smṛti-saṁkaraś-ca (Yoga Sutra IV-21) “One mind (chitta) being perceived by another mind (chitta), would be absurd as one perception perceiving another’s perception, would result in confusion...

bija बीज

seed, foundation tad-vairāgyād-api doṣa-bīja-kṣaye kaivalyam (Yoga Sutra III-50) Non-attachment even from omniscience destroys the foundation of all impurities and results in liberation. Bijam seed, root, origin, provenance, tatra niratiśayaṁ sarvajña-bījam (Yoga Sutra I-25) “The seed...

bhūta / bhuta भूत

five elements (earth -prithivi, water – apas, fire – tejas, air – vayu, and ether – akasha) matters, physical world prakāśa-kriyā-sthiti-śīlaṁ bhūtendriya-ātmakaṁ bhoga-apavarga-arthaṁ dṛśyam (Yoga Sutra – II-18) “Objects and situations in the physical...